Birth Defects

Anabolic/androgenic steroid exposure to a woman during pregnancy can cause developmental abnormalities in an unborn fetus. Virilization of a female fetus is a particular concern, and may include clitoral hypertrophy or even the growth of ambiguous genitalia (pseudohermaphroditism). Reconstructive surgery will be required to correct these serious developmental abnormalities.

Women who are pregnant, or are attempting to become pregnant, should not use or directly handle anabolic/androgenic steroid materials (raw powder, pills, crèmes, patches). Although anabolic/androgenic steroids can reduce sperm count and fertility in men, they are not linked to birth defects when taken by someone fathering a child.


Wlliam Llewellyn (2011) - Anabolics

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